Whatever reason you have for tracking down facts about Scotland, you're going to be happy you landed on this page :)
From the geography and people of Scotland, to Scottish symbols, famous Scots and unique wildlife - the list is as fascinating and diverse as the country itself.
Scotland - Geographical Facts
There are some very diverse landscapes crammed into this small country!
From gently rolling hills, to heavy industrialized cities, to awe-inspiring mountains and rugged and remote islands.
Scotland is the northern section of the United Kingdom
It covers an area just over 30,000 sq. miles, which is about 1/3 of the total UK landmass
population only accounts for about 10% of the UK figure. Scottish
government data shows that the most recent number for Scotlands'
population (in 2010) is 5,222,100. That's over 2 million people, and the
highest figure in over three decades.
Scotland can be divided into 3 areas.... The Upper Lowlands
This is the area that lies just north of the UK/Scotland border. This
is an agricultural region and has some beautiful rolling hills and
The Central Lowlands This area is the most industrial, urban, and populated, region containing the big urban cities of both Edinburgh and Glasgow.
The Highlands & Islands
This region covers about 50% of Scotlands' landmass and has the wildest
and most dramatic scenery. Towering peaks, cold deep lochs, and
windswept islands make this area unforgettable. There are almost 800
(790 to be exact) Scottish islands, and only 130 are still inhabited by
The most northern group of Scotlands' Islands are the
Shetland Isles, and they are culturally closer to Norway than to
Scotland. They are also geographically closer to Oslo, the Norwegian
capital city, than they are to London, England!
The Scotland/England border is just under 110 miles long, and mainland Scotland has just over 6000 miles of coastline
There are only 6 officially recognized cities in Scotland - Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness and Stirling
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, but Glasgow is bigger in terms of population
Scotland is home to one of the oldest universities in the world, the University of St. Andrews, which was founded in 1410
The highest point in Scotland is the mountain peak of Ben Nevis. It's actually the highest peak in the UK at 4,418 ft.
The longest river in Scotland is the River Tay, at 120 miles in length
Scotland is a land overflowing with history and symbolism.
Scottish facts cover some of the most important, or well-known, Scottish
Official Languages ...... English, Scots, Scottish Gaelic
Famous Scottish People
.. Includes the poet Robert Burns, writers Sir Walter Scott and Robert
Louis Stevenson, inventor of the telephone Alexander Graham Bell, actors
David Niven, Robbie Coltrane and Sean Connery, David Buick founder of
Buick car company, musicians Jimmy Shand, Rod Stewart, Lulu and Annie
Lennox, rulers/politicians such as William Wallace, Mary Queen of Scots,
John A. Macdonald (the first Prime Minister of Canada), Tony Blair
(previous UK Prime Minister), sports figures such as Jackie Stewart
(Formula 1 racing driver), David Wilkie (swimmer), Kenny Dalglish
(football player) and many, MANY more!
Famous Scottish Myths....
Includes the Loch Ness Monster, the Stone of Destiny, the gift of
'Second Sight', the existence of fairies, goblins, elves and sprites and
Popular Holidays......... Christmas and Easter, Halloween, Hogmanay (New Years' Eve), St. Andrews' Day, Burns' Day, May Day and more
Daylight Hours........... In December, Edinburgh gets around 7 hours of daylight per day, but in June it gets up to 18 hours
'National Sport' ........ Football (Soccer to non-Europeans)
....... Includes the famous Highland Cattle, Red Deer, Red Squirrel,
Golden Eagle, Red Kite, Whale, Dolphin, Seal, Puffin, Wildcat and many
Scottish dog breeds
..... Scottish Deerhound, Scottish Terrier, West Highland White
Terrier, Shetland Sheepdog, Skye Terrier, Border Terrier and more