Scottish sayings and words, combined with that unmistakable accent, can often make English sound like an entirely different language when you're 'north of the border'.
There is no single language that has ever historically been spoken by all.
In the southern areas, Lowland Scots traditionally was the norm.
Gaelic was spoken in central and northern areas.
The off-shore islands to the far north (Orkney Isles and Shetland Isles) spoke 'Norn' (a form of Old Norse).
Rogue words from this extinct language still pepper the speech of the people who live on the islands.
Although the traditional Gaelic is still spoken in some areas, and today Scotland is moving towards becoming a fully dual-language country (English and Scots Gaelic), 'Scottish English' is what is spoken by the majority of Scots.
To add to the intrigue, even in this there are many different dialects and variations of words depending on what city, or area, the speaker is from.
It's all part of the mystery and charm of Scotland!
I grew up hearing many of these Scottish phrases and sayings at home, but as my family had moved south (into England) when I was only a toddler, I didn't hear them at school, or anywhere else.
To a child they seemed like part of a 'secret language', one that only my family understood - and even today, hearing a certain phrase or word brings memories flooding back!
Enjoy my collection of sayings, phrases and unique Scottish words (complete with English 'translations').
We hope they amuse you more than they confuse you. Have fun!
Most Scots are practical, no-nonsense people with a down-to-earth attitude to life.
They're not given to flights of fancy, or a lot of emotional angst, but they definitely have a deep spirituality, a lot of superstitions and a dry (sometimes wicked) sense of humor!
Many of the phrases on this page give you a peek at those.
My Nana (my moms' mom) used these all the time.
Although she left this world and has been watching over us from Heaven for decades, as I type this I can hear her voice in my head.
Here are a few of the Scottish sayings that I grew up hearing on a daily basis:
"Whit's fur ye'll no go past ye."
one basically means 'whatever is meant to happen to you, will happen to
you"! It's the Scottish phrase I heard whenever I'd moan or complain
about not getting something (or someone!).
"You're a wee scunner!"
was usually said with a touch of impatience, as a fair translation
would be "You're a little whiner/nuisance". If I complained about being
bored, or was being whiny and difficult, this was the response I'd get.
"She's up to high doh"
This means "She's all worked up" or "She's got herself all riled up".
"A pritty face suits the dish-cloot"
I was fussing over what to wear, this Scottish saying was Nanas' stock
answer. Basically it means "A pretty face suits the dish-cloth".
I think this probably still needs some more translation.... the general idea is 'if you've got a pretty face, it doesn't matter what you're wearing'. Of course, it usually didn't help with my immediate problem ;o)
"Awa' an bile yer heid"
Scottish phrase is another one that needs a double-dose of translating!
Simply putting it into English results in "Away and boil your head!" -
which probably won't help you much.
What it means is something along the lines of 'Get lost!' or 'Forget it!' - and it's usually said to someone who is deemed to be talking rubbish, or wasting your time.
"Don't be a wee clipe!"
I'd hear this if I was telling tales on my sister (or anyone else!). It means "Don't be a little tell-tale!".
"Yer bum's oot the windae!"
colorful Scottish saying, that definitely needs some explaining. Direct
English translation would be "Your bum is out the window", but that's
probably not going to make you any the wiser.
So, the actual meaning of this phrase is something along the lines of 'You're talking rubbish (trash)', or 'You're not making any sense'. Believe me, I heard this one a few times!
"I'm going to the pictures"
The 'Pictures' is the movie theater, and my Nana loved going to see a movie.
"I'm getting the messages"
is one of the Scottish sayings that you might think doesn't need
translating - but you'd be wrong! In this case, the 'messages' are not
what you're probably thinking.
'Messages' are 'groceries' or other things that you'd get from the store. So, literally speaking this Scottish phrase means "I'm doing the (grocery) shopping".
"It's time to get your jags"
isn't a phrase that any kid wants to hear! 'Jags' are vaccinations, so
it means "It's time for your shots". Not fun, and guaranteed to send me
running in the opposite direction!
"I'm going ta skelp yer wee behind!"
English version of this Scottish phrase would be "I'm going to smack
your little bottom" (bottom is 'butt' or 'rear' for those in the US).
Didn't hear this one too much either, but can't say I NEVER heard it!
This translates to "They're moving house". 'Flit' is to 'move'... that one was easy, for once.
Here are a couple more Scottish sayings that are pretty common, and although they weren't used as often as the ones above, they deserve to be included....
"You're a long time deid"
translation of this one is 'You're a long time dead', and if you're
thinking that's a pretty obvious statement but are still not sure what
it means, try this...
'Enjoy life, because once you're dead you're going to be that way for a long time!' Not very uplifting, but true all the same.
"A nod's as guid as a wink tae a blind horse"
one was a challenge in terms of its' meaning! The English translation
is 'A nod is as good as a wink to a blind horse', but that's still a bit
The best I can come up with in terms of what it means is this... 'If the horse is blind it doesn't matter whether you nod your head or wink your eye, he still won't see it'. Hmm... not sure when I'd use that one, but I'm sure it will come in handy one day :o)
"Yer aff yer heid!"
you're starting to get a 'feel' for Scottish-English now, then this
Scottish saying is pretty easy to understand. Translated it says "You're
off your head!", meaning 'you're crazy'.
"Haud yer wheesht!"
you may need a little help with this one though. English translation is
"Hold your tongue" or "Be quiet!". Strangely
enough I didn't hear this one too much. Of course, the fact that Nanas'
hearing wasn't good may have been a factor there.
"Lang may yer lum reek"
this Scottish saying becomes "Long may your chimney smoke" - meaning
'May you live long and keep well'. Perhaps Mr Spock of Star Trek fame
said it even better "Live long and prosper" :o)
"Ah dinnae ken"
This one is short and simple, translates to "I don't know".
"Guid gear comes in sma' bulk"
Another short one, basically it means "Good things come in small packages".
Scottish words and slang can be colorful, but it's also confusing, amusing or even sometimes downright 'strange'.
Many of these words are common, others aren't used too often, but they're all great examples of Scottish-English at it's best.......
What's on this page is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to speaking 'Scottish', but there are a couple of really great books that can take you further down the road of discovery.If you're planning to visit Scotland, or just want to know more about this fascinating country & language (especially good for Americans whose ancestors hailed from Bonnie Scotland) I highly recommend the Kindle E-Book - How To Be More Scottish: An Insider's Guide for the Bravehearted.
Not only does this fun ebook take a closer look at the language of Scotland, it a complete guide to how to 'fit in' and understand the culture.
Some of the highlights include a quick Scottish history primer, etiquette, food and a Scots-American vocabulary section.
If you're more serious about learning true Gaelic (maybe it's the language of your ancestors, or it's always fascinated you), then this combination of book and two audio CD's might be just what you need.... Complete Gaelic with Two Audio CDs: A Teach Yourself Guide
Getting the grasp of an ancient language (which is still spoken today in some of the most northern parts of Scotland) is a thrill!
Last, but definitely not least, you might want to try Instant Immersion’s award-winning language-learning software Instant Immersion Scottish Gaelic - Level 1, 2 & 3 (2-year subscription) [Download]
It's a digital product and you can access it on your PC or laptop anytime, anywhere. A really in-depth and comprehensive package.